Diagramming Sentences

Sentence Types and Clause Configurations

Boggs hit the ball well, but he ran to the wrong base.

Another Example:
Forecasting technologies are more sophisticated and today's forecasters are better trained, but weather predictions are still not very reliable.

1. Adjective clause introduced by an adverb
     We slowly entered the theater where Lincoln was shot.

    We slowly entered the theater where Lincoln was shot.

2. Adjective clause introduced by a relative pronoun acting as subject
     That woman who just left the room will probably be the next president.

Another Example:
    People who live in glass houses shouldn't throw stones.

Yet Another Example:
    I want to meet a man who I know will treat me right.

3. Adjective clause introduced by a relative pronoun as direct object.
     The bill, which the house narrowly passed, was defeated by the senate.

Another Example:
     A man whom the grand jury indicted in December was arrested in Baltimore.

4. Adjective clause modifying a direct object
     Charlene gave Dilbert all the trouble that he could handle.

5. Adjective clause modifying the object of a preposition
     Dogsbreath gave a million bucks to the nurse who saved his life.

6. Adjective clause modifying the sentence subject
     The car that Georgina bought was more expensive than mine.

7. Adverb clause modifying the verb
     We will go to the restaurant when this movie is finished.

    It looks bad when you entirely miss the ball. (clause modifies "looks")

8. Adverb clause modifying an adjective
     Playing billiards is more fun when you are good at it.

9. Adverb clause modifying an adverb
     Josh walked quickly through the cemetery as if he were really frightened.

10. Noun clause acting as subject
     What Ramon knew about cooking could fill a whole library.

    How we will pay for this car is a mystery to me.

11. Noun clause acting as the the object of a preposition
     The couple had a huge argument about where they would live.

12. Noun clause acting as a predicate noun
     What really matters is what you know.

Another example:
    Our biggest worry is that students won't read the signs.

13. Noun clause acting as the object of the sentence
     The New Yorker quickly rejected whatever Sarah submitted.

Another example:
    We can only hope [that] it is not too late. (where the word "that" is omitted)


     When the train goes through, the windows rattle noisily and the whole house shakes.

Guide to Grammar and Writing